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From clinical experience, courses, conferences, and leading programs

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Causes: genetic and neurological differences.

Approximately 5% of children will experience an episode of stuttering.

Stuttering often starts in childhood, around age 2-5.​​

There are often negative emotions related to stuttering, such as shame, guilt, embarrassment, and frustration.

Stuttering might sound like repetitions of syllables and/or sounds, prolongations, blocks before or in between words

Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

Someone with apraxia of speech might not be able to move their lips or tongue in the right ways, even though their muscles are not weak. 

Signs Include:

Trouble putting sounds and syllables together

Varying tones and rhythms during speaking

Producing the same word differently every time

Groping movements of the jaw, lips, or tongue when speaking

Vowel Distortions in speech

Autism Spectrum Disorder

A speech therapist can help you better understand your child and promote communication by helping them:

Respond to their name

Understand body language

Understand social cues

Understand abstract language

Initiate conversations

Maintain joint attention

Participate in urn-taking during play

Engage in play

Understand emotions

Use gestures or non-verbal language

Tethered Oral Tissue

Tethered oral tissues can include lip tie, buccal (i.e. cheeks) tie, and tongue tie. Tethered oral tissue can restrict range of motion of oral structures. 

Tethered oral tissues can Impact:

Speech sounds: /s, z, t, d, n, l, r, sh, ch, j, th/

Breathing: mouth breathing instead of nasal breathing




Picky eating

Cognition: ADHD symptoms

Infant feeding/latching

Sonia uses somatic healing for teens and adults to address emotional aspects of stuttering.​

Sonia is PROMPT level 1 trained, which is a successful tool in treating apraxia and articulation errors.

Sonia has training in sensory integration to help your child achieve their highest learning potential while staying regulated. 

Pediatric Language

Pediatric language can include one or more of the following:

Using correct grammar

Increasing sentence length

Understanding and using age-appropriate vocabulary

Asking "wh" (who, what, where, when) questions.

Sequencing and describing images, stories, or events

Understanding and responding to questions 

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